- Civil and Building Materials 2018

ICCBM 2018: The 2nd International Conference on Civil and Building Materials 2018

Keynote Speeches

Prof. Ando Tatsuo
The University of Tokyo, Japan

Professor Ando Tatsuo was born in Tokyo, Japan in 1949. He conducted architectural studies at the University of Tokyo, mainly in durability and fire safety of building materials. Right after receiving the Master’s degree from the University of Tokyo in 1976, he joined Mitsubishi Chemical Industries, Ltd. (now Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation) and did research and development of advanced composite building materials for 39 years. During his tenure at Mitsubishi, he worked for 5 years at Mitsubishi Chemical America, in Virginia, USA as technical service manager of composites. He was also responsible for the corporate research and development for 3 years as head at the Research Center, Mitsubishi Chemical Functional Products, Inc. His major responsibility included aluminum laminated composite materials (ACM), carbon fiber composites and refractory alumina fiber mostly for building sector. He has been an active member of Architectural Institute of Japan (AIJ), and Japan Association of Fire Science and Engineering (JAFSE). He was also one of the national delegates to ISO/TC92/SC1 (Fire Initiation and Growth) for 15 years. His current interest covers the fire safety of building materials, mainly combustible composite materials used for façade and interior finish. He has been engaged in campaigning worldwide to make people aware of the fire safety of facades.

In April 2015 he came back to the University of Tokyo as an academic support at the Department of Architecture and is currently engaged in research and development of fire tests including JIS A1310:2015 “Test method for fire propagation over building facades.” and JIS A1320:2017 “Reaction to fire test for sandwich panel building interior systems --- Box test.”

Title: "Fire safety of polymer-based building materials and test methods in Japan"

ABSTRACT: Building materials, especially polymer-based ones, currently used in Japan have been reviewed and re-evaluated form the viewpoint of in-use fire safety in buildings. Recently polymer-based building materials have been widely used in Japan. While the use of these materials greatly contribute to energy savings, indoor comfort, cosmetics, weight reduction and many other functions of buildings, some of them adversely contribute to the spread of flame in the event of fire, even if they are approved as self-extinguishing, flame-retardant or non-combustible. Current small-scale flammability test on building materials in Japan is not always good enough to predict the flame spread and fire safety of buildings. In-use, larger-scale evaluation of building materials often revealed quite different and unexpected dangerous results. Based on intermediate- or large-scale fire tests, new JIS (Japanese Industrial Standard) methods have been developed. These are the fruit of the collaboration with fire- and polymer engineers on the building materials research for the additional enhancement of fire safety of buildings. Findings, measures, international cooperation and the ways to these standards are introduced and discussed: 1) Test method for fire propagation over building facades (JIS A 1310-2015), and 2) Reaction to fire test for sandwich panel building interior systems – Box test (JIS A 1320-2017).


Prof. Mattheus F. A. Goosen
Alfaisal University, Saudi Arabia

Professor Mattheus (Theo) F. A. Goosen has played key roles in the development of new start up academic institutions. For the past nine years he has held the position of founding Associate Vice President for Research & Graduate Studies at Alfaisal University a private start-up non-profit institution in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (www.alfaisal.edu). The doctoral degree of Dr Goosen is in chemical & biomedical engineering from the University of Toronto (1981) Canada. Theo has more than 180 publications to his credit including over 137 refereed journal papers, 45 conference papers, 11 edited books and 10 patents. His h index is over 48 and he has well over 9000 citations on Google Scholar. On Scopus he has over 137 publications with over 4500 citations. Dr Goosen’s research interests are in the areas of renewable energy, desalination, sustainable development, membrane separations, spray coating technology and biomaterials.

Title: Applications of Advanced Materials in Renewable Energy Technologies

Abstract: The utilization of advanced materials in renewable energy technologies is indispensable to meet the rising demand for applications such as water desalination. Nevertheless, the growth of renewable energy sources to run commercial processes at a larger scale is hindered by technical, economic, regulatory and environmental challenges including new material development. This critical review focusses on integrated approaches in using renewable energy such as solar and geothermal technologies for water desalination. Advanced materials research plays a crucial role in these areas. Innovative and sustainable processes which are suitable for renewable energy systems are also presented, along with the benefits of these technologies and their limitations. The market potential, environmental concerns, regulatory & socio-economic factors are likewise evaluated as well as the need for accelerated development of renewable energy-driven technologies.

Prof. Serge Zhuiykov
 Ghent University Global Campus, South Korea

2015 – present, Professor, Ghent University Global Campus
2004 – 2015, CSIRO Materials Science and Engineering Division, Melbourne
2004 – 2006,Senior Lecturer (part time). Industrial Science Department, Swinburne University of Technology,
Melbourne, VIC. 3122, Australia
2002 – 2004, Manager, SSL, Australian Government Analytical Laboratories,177 Salmon Str., Port Melbourne, VIC. 3207, Australia


2009 – present,Member of the American Nano Society (ANS);Member of the American Nano Society (ANS);
2006 – present,Member of the Electrochemical Society (ECS);
2002 – present,Member of the Fire Protection Association of Australia (FPAA);
1995 – present,Member of the Australasian Ceramic Society (ACS);
1994 – present, Member of the American Ceramic Society (ACerS);

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Plenary Speeches

Prof. Alfred A.Christy
University of Agder, Norway

Prof. Alfred A. Christy obtained his primary and secondary education from St. Patrick"s College Jaffna. He entered the then University of Ceylon (Peradeniya) and obtained a Bachelor degree in Chemistry (B.Sc., University of Peradeniya, 1976). The first position held by Professor Christy was as a Demonstrator/Assistant Lecturer in Chemistry at the University of Jaffna in Sri Lanka (1976-1977). He then moved to Nigeria, where he worked first as a teacher and then as senior master in Chemistry at a local college (1977 - 1983) in Ondo State, Nigeria. He then moved to Bergen, Norway. In Bergen, he commenced furthering his education at the University of Bergen, while acting as a teaching assistant (1983-1987) and then as lecturer at the Department of Chemistry (1987-1991). He was awarded a master degree in Physical Chemistry in 1987 and Dr. Scient. Degree in 1990. He then worked first as a research Scientist (1991-1992) and later as a laboratory manager/research scientist in the FT-IR laboratory he built up at the department (1992-1998). He assumed a professorship in Chemistry at the Department of Chemistry, University of Agder in 1998.

Professor Christy has accumulated an impressive list of scientific achievements during his career. He has published over 100 papers in scientific journals and presented more than 90 lectures at conferences, institutions of higher learning and industrial establishments around the world. Professor Christy has authored several book chapters and reports. He co-authored a book entitled "Modern Fourier transform Infrared Spectroscopy" (A. A. Christy, Elsevier-2001). He has also been a co-editor of a second book "NIR spectroscopy in Food Science and Technology" (Wiley, 2006). The breadth and depth of this work is well seen in the fact that Professor Christy has acted as a referee for some 25 different International Journals across a wide spread of disciplines related to chemistry.

Professor Christy's international standing earned him respect in his discipline and this fact is clearly reinforced by his appointment in the "Research Proposal Reviewer" for the National Science Foundation-Division of Earth Sciences, Instrumentation and facilities Program, USA. Furthermore, Professor Christy has been included in the "Marquis who's who in the world" and several other directories from 1991onwards. He has also received several awards such as "Man of the Year 1994", "20th Century Achievement Award (1995)" and several other honours such "Five hundred leaders of influence in the world". Prof. Christy chaired the “First Scandinavian Conference on Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy” in 1994. Since then he has been in the steering committees of several international conferences in Chemistry and material science.

Prof. Christy has also been involved in International education as a Consultant & Co-ordinator for students in Norway, training Science teachers in Uganda on behalf of U.N.; serving in the scientific Committees for evaluating PhD theses from Universities in Pakistan and as an adviser and visiting professor at the University of Petroleum (Beijing) and Thammasat University in Thailand to name a few.

Prof. Sung-Hoon Kim
Silla University, Republic of Korea

Prof. Sung-Hoon Kim is a renowned chemist and materials engineer who has largely influenced his field and directly aided in the development of new chemical synthesis methods and novel nanomaterials. Dr. Kim received a Ph.D. in Chemistry in 1993 from Seoul National University in South Korea. Additionally, Dr. Kim went on to earn another Ph.D. in Advanced Electronics & Optical Science in 2005 from Osaka University in Japan. From 1988 to 1998, he was a Senior Researcher in the New Materials Laboratory of Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology (SAIT). In 1996, he was also an Adjunct Research Associate in the Materials Research Laboratory of The Pennsylvania State University in the United States. Dr. Kim’s experience also includes being a Visiting Scientist in the Division of Advanced Electronics & Optical Science at Osaka University in 2000 and 2001. Subsequently, he worked as a Researcher/Ronpaku Fellow at Osaka University from 2001 to 2005. Dr. Kim was also a Visiting Scientist in the Department of Materials Science & Engineering at North Carolina State University in the United States from 2001 to 2003. Since 1998, Dr. Kim has been a Full Professor in the Department of Engineering in Energy & Applied Chemistry at Silla University in South Korea. He is now the Director of Industry-Academy joint Small Bussiness Center in Silla University.

Dr. Kim’s career is marked by a multitude of pioneering contributions to the field of chemistry and materials, specifically in the areas of diamond thin films and carbon nanomaterials. Dr. Kim has not only developed novel methodologies to produce diamond thin films and carbon materials, but he has revolutionized their application in electronic products. For instance, he took advantage of the lubrication properties of diamond-like carbon (DLC) films to improve VCR heads. DLC components behave as lubricant components that protect the VCR film. Dr. Kim patented this astounding application of diamond-like films in Korea, Japan, and the U.S. The electronics giant Samsung incorporated his diamond-like film technology to its Samsung VCR Head, which became the commercially successful Samsung Diamond Head VCR.

Title: Controllable synthesis of carbon coil hybrid materials and their shielding effectiveness for the electromagnetic wave radiation

Abstract: The formation of the carbon nanocoils-carbon microcoils (CNC-CMC) hybrid materials, namely the formation of the numerous carbon nanocoils (CNCs) on the surface of the carbon microcoils (CMCs), could be achieved using C2H2 as the source gas and SF6 or CS2 as the additive gas in a thermal chemical vapor deposition system. During the reaction, SF6 or CS2 was injected into the reactor in modulated on/off cycles. The CNC–CMC hybrid materials were not observed without the on/off cycles of SF6 or CS2 flow. When we varied the number of the on/off cycles, the density of CNCs formed on the surface of CMCs increased with increasing the on/off cycle number. The cause for the difference in CNC–CMC formation with cycle number was investigated. Based on the results, a growth mode of the CNC–CMC hybrid materials was proposed.
Composites of CNC-CMC hybrid materials in polyurethane (CNC-CMC@PU) and CMCs in polyurethane (CMC@PU) were fabricated. The CNC-CMC@PU composites showed the higher shielding effectiveness than those of CMC@PU composites, irrespective of the mixture ratios of carbon nanomaterials in PU. Based on the resulting shielding effectiveness and the electrical conductivity values we conclude that the formation of the CNC-CMC hybrid materials can enhance the shielding effectiveness through the reflection-based mechanism as well as the absorption-based mechanism.

Prof. Yufeng Zheng
Kumamoto University, Japan

Prof. Yufeng Zheng, received his Ph.D in materials science from Harbin Institute of Technology, China in 1998. From 1998 to 2004 he was Assistant Professor (1998-2000), Associate Professor (2000-2003), Full Professor (2003-2004) at Harbin Institute of Technology, China and since 2004 he has been a full professor at the Peking University in Beijing, China. He is currently working as distinguished professor at International Research Organization for Advanced Science and Technology, Kumamoto University, Japan. Dr. Zheng has authored or co-authored over 380 scientific peer-reviewed articles, with the citation of over 9500 times (http://www.researcherid.com/rid/A-4146-2010), and a H-index of 48. He served as the Editor-in-Chief of Bioactive Materials, Editor of “Materials Letters” (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/0167577X), Associate Editor-in-Chief of “Journal of Materials Science & Technology” (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/10050302). His areas of special interest include the development of various new biomedical metallic materials (biodegradable Mg, Fe and Zn based alloys, beta-Ti alloys with low elastic modulus, bulk metallic glass, ultra-fine grained metallic materials, etc). Dr. Zheng has received several awards including New Century Excellent Talents in University awarded by MOE of China (2007), Distinguished Young Scholars awarded by NSFC (2012) and Cheung Kong Scholars Programme awarded by MOE of China (2016).

Title: New directions and technologies for Metallic Biomaterials

Abstract: Traditional metallic biomaterials, including stainless steels, Co-based alloys, and titanium and its alloys, are mainly used for replacing failed hard tissue, for example, artificial hip joints, artificial knee joints, boneplates, dental implants, etc. The key issues for the material design involved the excellent mechanical property, corrosion resistance, and biocompatibility, and under the body fluid condition they acted as bio-inert implant, and sometimes exhibited surface bio-active after a certain surface pre-treatment. Since 2000 new groups of revolutionizing metallic biomaterials had been developed such as anti-bacterial functionalized stainless steel, biodegradable metals (Mg-based, Fe-based and Zn-based) with the bioactivity, and novel structured metallic biomaterials had been fabricated to improve the performance of metallic biomaterials, such as amphorous bulk metallic glasses with lower elastic modulus but high elastic limit, nanocrystalline pure metals and alloys by severe plastic deformation with improved ion release behavior or enhanced bone formability, preciously-controlled porous structures with 3-dimensional printing technique for custom-personalized bone scaffold design, composited with bioceramics and biopolymers with improved mechanical properties and biocompatibility. All these new-emerging metallic biomaterials are regarded as revolutionized metallic biomaterials and bring new chances for extending their future applications in clinic. Moreover, with the development of these promising metallic biomaterials, the original principle for the alloying element selection during the alloy design changes from the passive inhibition of the released toxic metal ions (Ni in biomedical TiNi alloy) during the implantation period, to the active introduction of the certain metal elements with specific biofunctions into the material (for example, adding osteo-induced elements Zn, Ca and Sr into the Mg to enhance the bone formability), and bring new vitality for the biomedical applications such as dentistry, orthopedics, cardiology, interventional therapy, gynecology, hepatobiliary surgery, etc.. Diverse surface treatment technologies had been explored on these new metallic biomaterials with further improvement of their performance within human body. All these advances make the metallic biomaterials better fit for the requirement of next-generation engineered tissue reconstruction scaffold. The emphasis of this presentation is to illustrate these newly-emerging metallic biomaterials in 21th century, with more bioactivity and biofunctions such as biodegradation, anti-bacterial function, osteoinductive function, radiopacity and MRI compatibility.